The U.S. Census paints an intricate demographic portrait of the entire country, right down to the neighborhood level, and over time shows us how those neighborhoods have changed.

Few major metro areas have changed like Portland in the past decade. It added 287,000 residents between 2006 and 2016, an increase of 13 percent, most of them new arrivals from other parts of the country.

In that time, housing prices crashed, then soared beyond their previous heights. Oregon’s economy collapsed, then grew for eight years straight years before its growth streak ended in August. (The economy remains strong by historic standards.)

Against that backdrop, some Portlanders have thrived while others have been left behind. The intervening years have likewise left some of the region’s neighborhoods unrecognizable, and it’s dramatically altered the fabric of others.

Here are stories from five neighborhoods, identified through new Census numbers released this week, that have undergone some of the most significant transformations.

I conceived of and edited this project, which was based on recently released census numbers and reported by five reporters over two days. Read the five stories on OregonLive.com or download a PDF.